chandrayaan-3 mission

India’s Chandrayaan-3 Mission: A Historic Step in Lunar Exploration

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India has arrived on the Moon with the successful landing of the Lander Module of Chandrayaan-3, the third lunar mission from ISRO. It is now the first nation to have set foot close to the Moon’s south pole.

After the former USSR, the U.S., and China, India became the fourth nation to successfully make a soft landing on the lunar surface with the Lander Module (LM) of the Indian Space Research Organization’s (ISRO) third lunar mission Chandrayaan-3, which was launched on July 14. In his remarks after congratulating the ISRO science team, PM Modi noted that “India’s successful moon mission is not India’s alone.

Details about Chandrayaan-3 Mission

Chandrayaan-3 is the third lunar mission by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). The mission was launched on July 14, 2023, from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Srihari Kota, Andhra Pradesh. The spacecraft consists of a lander, a rover, and a propulsion module.

The lander, named Vikram, is designed to soft-land on the lunar surface. The rover, named Pragyan, will be deployed from the lander and will explore the lunar surface for up to 14 Earth days. The propulsion module will carry the lander and rover to the Moon.

The main goal of Chandrayaan-3 is to soft-land a lander on the lunar surface and deploy a rover. The mission will also conduct a number of scientific experiments, including:

  • Studying the lunar surface and its composition
  • Searching for water ice in the lunar polar regions
  • Studying the lunar atmosphere
  • Studying the lunar gravity field

Chandrayaan-3 is a challenging mission, but it is also a historic one. It will be the first time that India has soft-landed a lander on the Moon since the Chandrayaan-2 mission in 2019. The success of Chandrayaan-3 will further cement India’s position as a leading spacefaring nation.

Important points of Chandrayaan-3 mission:

  • The mission was launched on July 14, 2023, from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh.
  • The spacecraft consists of a lander, a rover, and a propulsion module.
  • The lander, named Vikram, is designed to soft-land on the lunar surface.
  • The rover, named Pragyan, will be deployed from the lander and will explore the lunar surface for up to 14 Earth days.
  • The propulsion module will carry the lander and rover to the Moon.
  • The main goal of Chandrayaan-3 is to soft-land a lander on the lunar surface and deploy a rover.
  • The mission will also conduct a number of scientific experiments, including studying the lunar surface and its composition, searching for water ice in the lunar polar regions, studying the lunar atmosphere, and studying the lunar gravity field.
  • Chandrayaan-3 is a challenging mission, but it is also a historic one. It will be the first time that India has soft-landed a lander on the Moon since the Chandrayaan-2 mission in 2019. The success of Chandrayaan-3 will further cement India’s position as a leading spacefaring nation.
chandrayaan-3 Study Pariksha

Significance of Chandrayaan-3 mission:

The Chandrayaan-3 mission is significant for a number of reasons. First, it will be the first time that India has soft-landed a lander on the Moon since the Chandrayaan-2 mission in 2019. Second, the mission will conduct a number of scientific experiments that will help us to better understand the Moon. Third, the mission will further cement India’s position as a leading spacefaring nation.

The success of Chandrayaan-3 would be a major achievement for India and would boost the morale of the scientific community. It would also help to inspire young people to pursue careers in science and technology.

Details about Chandrayaan-2 Mission


Sure, here are some details about Chandrayaan-2 mission and why it failed:

Chandrayaan-2 was India’s second lunar mission, launched on July 22, 2019. The mission consisted of an orbiter, a lander, and a rover. The orbiter was successfully placed in lunar orbit, but the lander, Vikram, lost contact with the ground control center just minutes before it was scheduled to land on the lunar surface. The rover, Pragyan, was never deployed.

The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has identified three main reasons for the failure of the Vikram lander:

  1. A software glitch: The lander’s software was not able to handle the high-speed descent accurately, which caused the lander to deviate from its planned trajectory and crash.
  2. The lander’s engines developed higher thrust than expected: This caused the lander to slow down more quickly than planned, which also contributed to the crash.
  3. The landing site was too small: The landing site was only about 600 meters in diameter, which made it difficult for the lander to land safely.

The failure of Chandrayaan-2 was a setback for India’s space program, but it was also a learning experience. ISRO has since made changes to the software and hardware of its landers, and it is confident that Chandrayaan-3 will be a success.

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In addition to the three main reasons mentioned above, there were also a few other factors that may have contributed to the failure of the Vikram lander. These include:

  • The lunar surface is not as smooth as scientists had thought, which made it more difficult for the lander to land safely.
  • The lander was carrying more weight than it was designed to carry, which also contributed to the crash.
  • The lander was not able to communicate with the ground control center during the final descent, which made it difficult to troubleshoot any problems that may have occurred.

Despite the failure of Chandrayaan-2, the mission was still a major achievement for India. The orbiter successfully mapped the entire lunar surface, and it is still providing valuable data to scientists. The rover, Pragyan, was never deployed, but it is still in good condition and could be used in future missions.

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